Monday, June 14, 2010

How to install NS2 with Ubuntu 10.04 By Noor Zaman

How to install NS2 with Ubuntu 10.04 By Noor Zaman

This manual will work for NS2 allinone-2.34 with Ubuntu 10.4. As Ubuntus new version 10.04 needs following packages before any further installation, otherwise it will not work with it.
Please follow the following steps:

1. Install necessary tools for building:

sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev gcc-4.3

2. It turns out that otcl does not like the version of gcc installed by default in Lucid. So go ahead and change ns-allinone-2.34/otcl-1.13/ Find the line that says:

CC= @CC@
and change it to:
CC= gcc-4.3
3. Now follow the following steps for installation of nsallinone 2.34 and it will work with your machine. (copy ns-allinone-2.34.tar.gz)

Suppose that there is "ns-allinone-2.33.tar.gz" in current directory (e.g. "~/" for me is "/home/noor").
All steps are done in Terminal, so open a terminal in Accessories/Terminal.To extract the file:
tar xvfz ./ns-allinone-2.33.tar.gz

4. Change your directory within terminal as following way

$ cd /home/noor$ cd /home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34

5. Download & install some packages from repository if needed (Now its optional)

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev
6. Install the ns2

$ cd ns-allinone-2.34
$ ./install
7. Edit some paths

$ gedit ~/.bashrc
8. Put these lines on that file in the last. Off course, you might change /home/noor for it depends on where you extract ns-allinone-2.34.tar.

# LD_LIBRARY_PATHOTCL_LIB=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/otcl-1.13NS2_LIB=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/libX11_LIB=/usr/X11R6/libUSR_LOCAL_LIB=/usr/local/libexport LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$OTCL_LIB:$NS2_LIB:$X11_LIB:$USR_LOCAL_LIB# TCL_LIBRARYTCL_LIB=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/tcl8.4.18/libraryUSR_LIB=/usr/libexport TCL_LIBRARY=$TCL_LIB:$USR_LIB# PATHXGRAPH=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/bin:/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/tcl8.4.18/unix:/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/tk8.4.18/unix:/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/xgraph-12.1/NS=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/NAM=/home/noor/ns-allinone-2.34/nam-1.13/export PATH=$PATH:$XGRAPH:$NS:$NAM

9. Validate it (take very long time compare to install process)
$ cd ns-2.33$ ./validate

10. Let it take effect immediately

$ source ~/.bashrc

11. Try to run it as following way, by just typing ns with terminal

$ ns
12. If the installation is successful, then you will be able to see % at the command prompt. Type following command to exit
% exit

13. Good luck and please keep remember me in your prays(Thanks in advance). Noor Zaman, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.